What is LoRa and What is LoRaWAN

Release time:2022-09-03

What is LoRa?

LoRa is a wireless technology, that offers long range, low power and secure data transmission for M2M and IoT applications. LoRa is based on chirp spread spectrum modulation, which has low power characteristics like FSK modulation but can be used for long range communications. LoRa can be used to connect sensors, gateways, machines, devices, animals, people etc. wirelessly to the cloud.LoRa uses a type of radiofrequency modulation patented by Semtech, called Chirp Spread Spectrum (CSS); it is perfect for vast and long-distance connections.


What is LoRaWAN?

LoRaWAN is a Low Power, Wide Area (LPWA) networking protocol developed by the LoRa Alliance, that wirelessly connects battery operated ‘things’ to the internet in regional, national or global networks, targeting key Internet of Things (IoT) requirements such as bi-directional communication, end-to-end security, mobility and localization services.

LoRaWAN is a network protocol that uses the LoRa technology explained above. This protocol is on top of the LoRa modulation, and in its layer, it applies the Media Access Control (MAC), it is the software layer that defines how the devices connected use LoRa. This means the message formats or the exchange of messages between the participants of the network.


LoRa is the physical layer i.e. the chip and LoRaWAN is the MAC layer i.e. the software that's put on the chip to enable networking.